The Virgin Nativity or Our Lady of the Almudena, is one of the most iconic representations of Saint Mary Virgin and her devotion is widespread throughout Peru and especially in Cusco,
On the 29th the usual procession of the Virgin is carried out, in the early hours of the morning (3 a.m.), it lasts approximately four hours, ecclesiastical delegations, civilians and authorities accompany the Virgin between songs and prayers; later the following days, the Virgin is venerated by Eucharist and Masses.
The image of the Virgin of Nativity of Almudena, Cusco, It is an artistic work, sculpted by the indigenous artist Juan Tomás Tuyro Túpac, a replica of the virgin of the Almudena of Madrid (Spain), manufactured in 1699. The image is carved with her face uncovered and her body covered in clothes, she carries the Child Jesus in her arms; Behind the Virgin, an Angel accompanies, wearing a protective umbrella, goes on procession on holidays, especially in Corpus Christi and on her anniversary.
The festival since the time of the colony is one of the most important in Cusco, for the devotion of its faithful who arrive from other countries, and the uniqueness of its activities.
On September 7, after Holy Mass, donations (jurk’as) are delivered, by people who were engaged months ago, these donations are delivered to the butlers as large candles, clothes for the Virgin, food, firecrackers, cash, among others.
Between prayers and songs, the virgin is venerated by her faithful devotees, firecracker bursts are heard, the Almudena square is completely full of parishioners, later, the burning of castles (made of reeds and gunpowder) and fireworks, While the different dances and shows are performed, the public delights placidly with the different shows, savoring the hot ponches (drinks made of haba beans), and at midnight the chicken broth offered by the butlers is served.
The central day (day 9), in the morning hours, the Solemn Mass is celebrated in the middle of the Almudena square, in a very special altar installed for that day.
After Holy Mass, the virgin is carried on shoulders in procession through the historic center of Cusco, accompanied by the large crowd and the different dance troupes.
It should be noted, in the past, the dances that accompanied the Virgin were typical and native, over time, lost originality, entering foreign dances from the highlands (Puno), Sayas, Diabladas, Caporales, danced by the same people from Puno, being replaced Many original dances.