Offering ceremonies to the Pachamama are held during the month of August being the first day of the month that begins this important ceremony of Andean belief
Offering ceremonies, commonly known by the Andean population as payments to the Earth or Pachamama, are rituals of ancestral origin that are part of a system of reciprocity between the material world and the spiritual world.
It is a ritual whose purpose is to give back to Mother Earth for what we have received and ask for our deepest desires to come true, and what we want for our loved ones, this ceremony takes place on the first day of August and throughout the month.
The ceremonies to the Pachamama are basically of two types, in the homes particular offerings are made and at the summits community offerings are made where the Andean priests perform these ancestral ceremonies, so that, the Pachamama, quench their hunger and grant them blessings.
Offerings to Mother Earth have as their fundamental origin in the relationship between the Andean man, and Mother Earth or Pachamama.
Pachamama is a “deity” that represents “Mother Earth”, being protective and provider, source of life and fertility
The primary purpose is the restoration of reciprocity between human beings and nature. With the offering or payment, the farmer asks Pachamama for permission to make it receptive and symbolically return some of his production. These rituals are also intended for the Apu or mountain spirit. The Apu is the masculine representation of nature and the pachamama is the feminine. The Apu protects animals, men and fertilizes Pachamama. The offering is an act of cosmic reciprocity, it is the realization of universal and cosmic justice, the fulfillment of a mutual duty. Breaking this principle would cause serious distortions of balance in natural, social and religious systems. For the Andean man, offerings have a sense of reconciliation with spiritual forces in order to avoid misfortunes.
These offering rituals are directed by specialists in the Andean religiosity and according to the acquired learning and the faculties obtained by these characters, they can be classified in different hierarchies or levels of priesthood.
The first level corresponds to the pampamisayoq “who have their work table in the pampa”.
The Altomisayoq or Hatunmisayoq, is considered within the priestly rank and its work is prophetic, charismatic and mystical. It is he who has the power to communicate with entities or spiritual beings, is devoted to the service of a particular Apu (deity), the condition is temporary and can be lost due to bad behavior, such as the misuse of power, collection of money for self-enrichment or reprehensible sexual behavior.
There is another higher rank in the Andean priesthood that is the Kuraq Akulleq who has the ability to make contact with higher spiritual forces.
The table and offerings are made by the Andean priests who have their own ceremonial blanket, and on paper, they wrap the offering, they have to know how to choose and order the coca leaves for the K’intus (three coca leaves together) that they use in the offerings and they must also know all the other elements that enter in the offering, such as seashells, seeds, huayruros and other elements.
They can also make cures with medicinal plants, fortune-telling and magical diagnoses, read the coca leaf and see bad or good luck. They can provide amulets, talismans and other similar.