When the Spaniards arrived on our lands, one of the first Catholic elements used very effectively for domination was the Cross.
This party originates in the first decades of the 18th century. When at that time it was a relatively humble family private holiday, without the magnificence that it has today. The cross is a symbol of Christianity, in the same way for Catholics, it is the representation of the passion of Jesus Christ, after the Spanish invasion, the cross was one of the elements of struggle and ideological struggle to evangelize the Americans and also To facilitate their submission, thus, their worship and use were obligatory in the new world, the Catholic priests in destroying their Inca sanctuaries, were very careful to place crosses in their place.
The celebration of the cross, has a butler or “carguyoq”, who is the person who voluntarily agreed to organize and pay most of the expenses for the celebration, someone who is almost always a person with resources or owner of a house where He will raise an altar for the cross.
The beginning of the holiday is May 2 that begins with the transfer or descent of the crosses from the summits of the hills or sanctuaries where they are located.
May is the month in which, in the fields the majority of the peasants begin with “the calcheo”, that is to collect the corn, harvesting them.
The feast of the most holy cross is very interesting, because all the crosses are very decorated.
The festivities of May 3 are carried out throughout the Cusco area in a universal sense and with a lot of excitement, it consists in worshiping the cross.
That evening is the evening that is visited by all the people of the neighborhood, in which they make vigil to the cross all night. A fire is usually lit in front of the altar to warm the atmosphere.
On the festival of the cross, chicha is inevitable, which is an essential and naturally prepared beverage. The joy continues to the rhythm of orchestras, and lasts until dawn.
The next day is the “kacharpari” (the goodbye of the party) takes place during the morning until noon where the cross is moved to its place of origin where it will remain until next year.