The traditional Christmas of Cusco ends with the Feast of the Bajada de Reyes, a customary event also known as the descent of the three wise men, is a clear mixture of Christian and native religions, as part of the long process of changes and assimilation in Andean society . Therefore, often of pre-Hispanic origin, they have been adapted to Christian celebrations, beginning a syncretism, because the Andean population is very devout of Christ, which does not prevent them from venerating the apus and making offerings to the pachamama.
January is the month of the rains, a very important element in the agricultural cycle, without which the sown lands would not bear fruit. For this reason, since ancient times, people thank with joy and festive atmosphere that the rain irrigates the fields. January is also the month in which the Infant Jesus descends from the heights; month in which exquisite meals are also prepared, so that the earth is generous in giving its products.
In Ollantaytambo, especially (70 kilometers from Cusco on the way to Machupicchu), it is a folk festival in which not only the inhabitants of the town participate. On the eve, settlers of the Patacancha Valley descend in procession, that is, from the communities of Huilloq and Patacancha, known as huairuros (for their red ponchos). Those who bring their Child Jesus of Markacocha with them, accompanied by the dancers of Huallata, one of the most typical and ancestral dances, which recreates the mating of the geese that dwell in the lagoons of the Andean heights.
The Infant Jesus of Markacocha, together with the inhabitants of the heights and the dancers of Huallata, are received in the chapel of the Niño Samachina by the dancers of Huayllascha who have a dress similar to the inhabitants of the Punas, and thus the meeting begins between neighboring towns.
Day 6 is the encounter of the Child Jesus of Marcacocha with the other two children who are in the church of the town of Ollantaytambo. This encounter is enlivened by other traditional dances, such as blacksmiths, chucchus, majeños, yellow fever and sinkuy wata qallary. From these meetings, when the effigies of the two children of the town receive the Child Jesus of Marcacocha and the groups flutter around them, the processions begin. In the afternoon of day 6 is the traditional bullfight, in the neighborhood of San Isidro. The red ponchos supplement the traditional layers and the bulls are not mistreated as in the traditional Spanish bullfights.
The party is announced on the eve, that is on January 5, when the inhabitants of Patacancha found their descent with the Child Jesus of the heights, the central day is 6, the parties with their respective processions continue in Ollantaytambo until the 8th January. Day when the farewell takes place in front of the doors of the chapel of the Niño Samachina. Therefore, the party lasts four days, where like the dances and processions, the typical dishes and the frutillada are enjoyed until satiating locals and foreigners. So, if you have more time, enjoy it.
At the moment wood carvings are also made, canvases with images of people, animals and landscapes, ashtrays, paperweights and keychains in chestnut coconut, as well as wooden postcards and various ornaments.
On this day, the Minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism, Eduardo Ferreyros, offered a cordial greeting and indicated that thanks to their skill and dexterity, they present to the world, not only beautiful creations, but also the history and traditions of Peru.
He commented that our craftsmanship is a reason for recognition and prestige. Through it the world visits Peru as well as our history and the diversity that defines us as a nation.
There are artisanal lines, such as textiles, jewelery, ceramics, imagery, carving, vegetable fibers, masks, toys, imagery, aquaculture products, costume jewelery, among others.
Peruvian handicrafts enjoy national and international recognition and prestige and invited the national population to visit artisan centers to celebrate artisans and to acquire their products.
Crafts are valued for their quality and their own style as a result of the integration of various cultures, generating an identity of high aesthetic content and deep richness.